different types of mold

Different Types of Mold That Can Grow in Your Home

When you discover mold in your home, you need mold removal services in Long Island, NY to protect your family’s health. Disaster Recovery 24/7 Specialists is here to help you learn more about the different types of mold so that you can keep yourself safe.

What Causes Mold Growth?

Have you found evidence of mold in your home? The startling discovery prompts numerous questions. What type of mold have you found? How did it get there? Is it dangerous?

Mold thrives in moist, undisturbed environments. It often gains its foothold behind walls, beneath flooring, and inside cabinets. Water damage usually occurs before mold begins growing. 

Once the mold takes hold, it releases spores into the air. These spores help the microorganisms spread and reproduce. 

Most in-home infestations involve one of the following mold categories:

  • Allergenic: These mold species aren’t generally toxic. However, they can cause allergies in immuno-compromised people. 
  • Pathogenic: This mold variety has more severe consequences. People with weakened immune systems can fall ill from exposure. 
  • Toxigenic: These mold types release toxins into the air that have devastating consequences for building occupants.

The list below informs you about common mold types, their severity, and how to identify them. You can use this guide to determine the best course of action after a mold discovery. 

#1. Stachybotrys

Severity: Toxigenic

Appearance: Dark green to black mottles, speckles, and patches

Stachybotrys, more commonly known as black mold, is among the most infamous types of household mold infestations. You might discover it in rooms with consistently high humidity levels, heat, and darkness. Some rooms that offer the perfect environment for black mold include:

  • Laundry rooms
  • Bathrooms
  • Basements 
  • Crawlspaces

You might experience symptoms like exhaustion, coughing, wheezing, or irritated skin and eyes following exposure to Stachybotrys. 

#2. Aureobasidium

Severity: Allergenic

Appearance: Brownish pink or black speckles

Aureobasidium quickly grows along the corners of walls and ceilings. Its adaptable nature allows it to thrive indoors and outdoors. Like other mold varieties, it prefers a moist, undisturbed environment. 

You might find this type of mold beneath wallpaper. Many manufacturers use it in formulas designed to combat plant illnesses and protect food storage. However, it can cause rashes in your family members. 

#3. Penicillium

Severity: Allergenic

Appearance: Black, brown, or gray splotches and patches

Many people know about penicillium due to its pivotal role in developing effective antibiotic medications. While this mold offers medical advantages, it can also cause sinus inflammation and allergic reactions when breathed in. It can grow in almost any area with stagnant moisture. If you recently experienced a water damage event, inspect your home for penicillium growth. 

#4. Fusarium

Severity: Pathogenic

Appearance: Pink, red, cream, or white growing in water-stain patterns

If you discover fusarium mold in your home, schedule mold removal services immediately. These toxic fungi can cause severe health issues, such as:

  • Allergic reactions
  • Brain infections
  • Brain abscesses

People with compromised immune systems are especially susceptible. Their spores can flourish almost anywhere with moisture. 

#5. Chaetomium

Severity: Allergenic and pathogenic

Appearance: White, gray, brown, or black in color and cotton-like in texture

Chaetomium typically grows in buildings with unrestored water damage. It has the characteristic musty scent that many people associate with neglected buildings. It may have a carcinogenic effect in people with weakened immune systems. 

The health consequences of exposure generally depend on the person’s sensitivities and overall health. As the mold matures, its potency changes. 

#6. Alternaria

Severity: Allergenic

Appearance: Dark green to brown with a fuzzy, cotton-like texture

Alternaria lurks in areas with hidden leaks or untreated water damage. For example, leaky sinks offer an optimal environment for these fungi to thrive, especially inside the cabinets. It also flourishes in damp, unventilated spaces like closed-off bathrooms or leaky windows. 

If you find this mold in your home, you should consult with a restoration service to prevent the long-term health consequences associated with Alternaria. As a result of continued exposure, some people suffer from:

  • Pulmonary conditions
  • Asthma attacks
  • Allergic reactions
  • Sinus inflammation

#7. Aspergillus

Severity: Pathogenic

Appearance: Black surface with yellowish-white hues beneath

Over 185 types of aspergillus infest water-damaged or humid buildings. Most varieties cause few or no health consequences for healthy occupants. However, some species release carcinogenic toxins into the air. 

While they gravitate toward decaying leaves and grains, some species still thrive in areas with few resources. You might find Aspergillus behind water-damaged walls.

Disaster Recovery 24/7 Specialists Provides Reliable Mold Removal Services

If household members or visitors show persistent sinus and respiratory symptoms during visits, they might suffer from mold exposure. Call Disaster Recovery 24/7 Specialists at (631) 831-1880 for five-star mold removal services.

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different types of mold

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